Digital Version

Spring 2018

Toyota Develops New Magnet for Electric Motors
Aiming to Reduce Use of Critical Rare-Earth Element by up to 50%
Toyota Motor Corporation announces that it has developed the worlds first neodymium-reduced, heat-resistant magnet. Neodymium magnets are used in various types of motors such as the high-output motors found in electrified vehicles, use of which is expected to increase rapidly in the future.

New World-record Magnet Fulfills Superconducting Promise
The National MagLab has announced a ground-breaking superconducting magnet designed and built at the lab reached a magnetic field of 32 teslas, a third stronger than the previous record and more than 3,000 times stronger than a small refrigerator magnet.

Scientists Discover a 2-D Magnet
A team led by the University of Washington and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has for the first time discovered magnetism in the 2-D world of monolayers, or materials that are formed by a single atomic layer. The findings, published June 8 in the journal Nature, demonstrate that magnetic properties can exist even in the 2-D realm opening a world of potential applications.

Physicists Make Most Precise Measurement Ever of the
Protons Magnetic Moment
High-precision measurement of the g-factor eleven times more precise than before / Results indicate a strong similarity between protons and antiprotons.

Spontaneous Thoughts: Balance and Training
On-job-training is a longstanding approach, that seems to be working well enough in our industry. There is no shortage of graduates with technical degrees. The only downside is finding good people and the delay in getting a new person up to speed. But there are ways to shorten this time, which turns out to be a significant part of my business.

Click Here to Read this Issue

Winter 2017

NdFeB Magnet Prices Should Increase in 2018
The global permanent magnet industry is currently facing some exciting growth opportunities. The automotive industry is abuzz over the anticipated growth of hybrid and electric vehicles. In fact, some countries have actually dictated that the internal combustion engine will be banned in a specific number of years! In the face of such proclamations, some experts are questioning whether some of these countries (India, for instance) will actually have sufficient electrical generating capacity to support such a shift.

MagLab Reclaims Record for Strongest Resistive Magnet
While the rest of the world watched the solar eclipse in August, engineers at the National MagLab pulled off an eclipse of a different sort. Not to be outdone by celestial events, they set a new world record that blotted out the previous one by about 8 percent a sizable leap in magnet technology terms.

Diving Into Magnets
Magnets are found in motors, in energy production and in data storage. A deeper understanding of the basic properties of magnetic materials could therefore impact our everyday technology. A study by Scientists at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI in Switzerland, the ETH Zurich and the University of Glasgow has the potential to further this understanding. The researchers have for the first time made visible the directions of the magnetisation inside an object thicker than ever before in 3D and down to details ten thousand times smaller than a millimetre (100 nanometres).

Click Here to Read this Issue

Summer 2017

Magnetometry Measurements: Considerations for Magnetic and First-Order-Reversal-Curve Measurements
Magnetometers are used to characterize magnetic material properties. Magnetometry techniques can be broadly classified into two categories: inductive and force-based. Common inductive methods include vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM), extraction magnetometry, AC susceptometry and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometry. The two most commonly used inductive techniques are VSM and SQUID magnetometry.

Berkeley Lab Scientists Discover New Atomically Layered, Thin Magnet
It may not seem like a material as thin as an atom could hide any surprises, but a research team led by scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) discovered an unexpected magnetic property in a two-dimensional material. The scientists found that a 2-D van der Waals crystal, part of a class of material whose atomically thin layers can be peeled off one by one with adhesive tape, possessed an intrinsic ferromagnetism.

Noise Suppression Sheets: Ultra-Thin Magnetic Sheets with High Permeability
TDK Corp. has expanded its Flexield family of noise suppression sheets with an ultra-thin copper-clad laminated sheet with high magnetic permeability. The IFM10M magnetic sheets are 60 percent thinner than existing sheets with a magnetic layer of the same thickness, but offer an equivalent noise suppression performance over a broad frequency range from 500 kHz to 10 GHz. The total thickness of the new Flexield sheets is just 0.04 mm. The size of the sheets is 300 mm by 200 mm.

Permanent Magnet Market Size to Surpass $50 Billion by 2024
Permanent Magnet Market size is slated to exceed $50 billion by the end of 2024; according to a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc. With global fossil fuel reserve set to deplete in the next 50 to 70 years, energy generation focus is shifting towards the renewable and emission free sources. Wind energy has come up to be a prominent renewable source of energy with a total installed capacity of over 400 gigawatts all around the globe, and more than 200 gigawatts been installed since 2010. Permanent magnet market size in the energy generation sector will increase substantially in the near future as the UN has aimed at 100 percent emission free energy generation by the end of 2050.

Permanent Magnet Mistakes, Part Seven
We conclude this series with the seventh and final blog, describing the many types of mistakes made with permanent magnets. My intent is to help engineers in the future avoid mistakes made in the past, and not to embarrass anyone.
The last two mistakes on my list are:
• Ignoring appropriate mechanical considerations, such as using
a magnet as a structural part, believing that chips and cracks are not normal for brittle materials, or ignoring the effect of magnetic debris.
• Treating magnets as toys

Click Here to Read this Issue

Spring 2017

Microstructure and Mechanism of Coercivity Enhancement of Sintered Nd-Fe-B Magnet By Grain Boundary Diffusion
Rare earth element (REE) based Nd-Fe-B magnets have been widely used because of their excellent magnetic properties. The applications of Nd-Fe-B rare earth permanent magnets include hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), power generators for wind turbines, high performance industrial motors, hard disk drives (HDD) for computers, travelling wave tubes for satellite communications, headphones and speakers, washing machines and other consumer electronic devices.

Recent Developments and Trends in Nd-Fe-B Magnets
Nd-Fe-B magnets have a wide variety of applications in aerospace, medical, semiconductor, telecommunications, power generation, oil & gas exploration and automotive industries.  There have been many new developments in recent years including high energy Nd-Fe-B grades, heavy rare earth free high intrinsic coecivity Nd-Fe-B grades, radially oriented anisotropic rings and improved manufacturing processes.

Eddy Current Detection of Mechanical Faults in Permanent Magnets and in Magnet Blanks Prior to Magnetization
Modern applications in automotive, energy and consumer industries apply permanent magnets in various forms. In order to achieve an optimal performance in their application, the characteristics of permanent magnets and magnet blanks prior to magnetization must be carefully controlled. Beside the accurate measurement of all three components of the magnetic field, as well as inhomogeneity measurement of the magnetic fields around permanent magnets, it is increasingly important to detect in the QA process the mechanical faults in magnets and magnet blanks, such as cracks and material inhomogeneity.

Is There an Optimum Price-Performance Metric for Permanent Magnet Materials?
Attend any magnetics conference or seminar and I can guarantee a slide will appear in someone’s presentation showing something along the lines of the year of introduction of a permanent magnet material versus the corresponding (BH)max.

Permanent Magnet Mistakes, Part Six
The sixth group of mistakes on my list are:
13. Assuming that large magnetized parts are easy and safe to handle
14. Failing to consider natural product variations in both magnetic properties and dimensions
15. Assuming that the attractive and repulsive forces are  equivalent and can be precisely calculated

 Click Here to Read this Issue

Winter 2016

How to Assure Every Rare Earth (or Any) Magnet Meets Your Requirements 100 Percent of the Time?
So you have designed and thoroughly tested your revolutionary new magnetic device and are ready to place an order with your chosen magnet supplier.  How do you assure the magnets you receive will meet your (and your customers) requirements 100 percent of the time?

The Permanent Magnet Industry Reference Book
It is common to strike up a conversation on an airline flight and be asked the question, “What industry do you work in?”  My answer is, “I’m involved in the magnet industry.”  The resulting blank look on my fellow passenger’s face makes it clear that he’s reflecting on the realtor’s magnetic calendar holding the children’s homework on the refrigerator.  The average Joe has little appreciation of how many magnets are utilized in everyday products!

Post Manufacturing Equalization of Magnetic Arrays and Assemblies
Permanent magnets (PM) are found in motors and actuators in many devices such as home appliances, water pumps, loudspeakers, electric tools, watches and automation (servomotors). The typical number of magnets in a vehicle exceeds 200; they are key components of the electrical actuators found in power steering, windshield wipers, adjustable mirrors, speedometer and other gauges, audio controls etc. PM brushless machines can also be found in elevators, in wind power generators, in boats, in AC units, etc. Tablet and smartphone covers are usually magnetically attached using embedded PM arrays.

2017 Resource Guide
Magnets • Materials • Equipment & Services • Supplies & Components

Spontaneous Thoughts: Permanent Magnet Mistakes, Part Four
We continue with the fourth blog in this series, describing the many types of mistakes made with permanent magnets. Again, my intent is to help engineers in the future avoid the mistakes made in the past, and not to embarrass anyone.

Click Here to Read this Issue

Summer 2016

MBT_Summer2016_coverFFeatures & Columns:

- Extending the Limits of the Sm2Co17 System
- Advances in Manufacture of Low or No Heavy Rare Earths NdFeB Magnets
- New Measurement Technique Characterizes Permanent Magnets
- The Ambition to Get Highest Flux Densities, Is It Always Reasonable?
- Spontaneous Thoughts: Permanent Magnet Mistakes, Part Two

Read Digital Issue Here

Spring 2016

MBT_Spring2016_coverFFeatures & Columns:

- Permanent Magnets in a Changing World Market
- Design Considerations Using Permanent Magnets
- Insulated Iron Powders, SMC, Current State and Future Possibilities
- The Design of a Permanent Magnet Motor for a Direct Drive Fan Application
- Tailoring of Pole Shapes of Multipolar Injection Molded Magnets
- Spontaneous Thoughts: Seventeen Mistakes People Make with Permanent Magnets

View Digital Issue